When you use AUCTeX to compile a LaTeX document that contains an error, the compilation will fail and AUCTeX will remind you in the minibuffer area:
LaTeX errors in `*foo output*'. Use C-c ` to display. By pressing
C-c `, which invokes the
next-error function, you can navigate to the source locations of the errors and fix them one by one. It surely is one of the most convenient features of AUCTeX.
But AUCTeX also has a lesser known feature in this regard: by pressing
C-c C-w, which by default binds to
TeX-toggle-debug-boxes, you can tell AUCTeX whether the debugger should consider underfull/overfull
\hboxes as errors too. When preparing for the final(*) revision of a document, this feature really makes locating the bad
\hboxes a breeze!
(What’s remaining are of course the
\vboxes, but there doesn’t seem to be any good way to locate them using the output messages alone.)
(*) It is usually not a very productive idea to fix bad boxes before the document content is finalized.